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気になった早慶の英語の文法問題拾ってきた part.1

soukei



No.1~3は改題して少し難易度を上げてあります。


早稲田社学2009(改)
各文において誤っている箇所があれば指摘し、訂正せよ。ただし、誤りがない場合もある。
No.1
To hear her speak English, you would think sure that she had lived all of her life, or at least a good part of it, either in America or Britain.

No.2
In your absence, I took upon myself to consult everyone on the committee concerning the best way to settle that unbelievably difficult problem.

No.3
You will make a bad impression on everyone if you continue to complain without reason about every little detail of every decision we make.


No.4
早稲田社学2010
空欄に適するものを選べ。
A: How do you see yourself ten years from now?
B: In ten years, I suppose I'll be married and have one or two children.
A: [ 空欄 ] And I guess I'll probably be in the same situation.
B:Yeah, we'll both be family men who stay at home and play with the kids.
A: I think that's probably the way it'll be.

選択肢
a. That souds optimistic.
b. That sounds about right.
c. That souds fatalistic.
d. That sounds fairly definite.
e. That sounds more convincing.


慶應法学部2009
文法的に誤っている文を選べ。
No.5
a. He took part in the team and afterwards joined a match.
b. He joined a party and took part in an election.
c. He joined a discussion team and joined in their activities.
d. He joined the army and took part in the battle.

No.6
a. I still have not saved enough money.
b. I have not still saved enough money.
c. I have not saved enough money yet.
d. I have yet to save enough money.


入試の文法問題としては恐らく最高水準ではないでしょうか。
よかったら解いてみてくださいな(▰˘◡˘▰)






遅れてしまって申し訳ありません!解答解説載せました!




(解答) 
No.1
To hear her speak English, you would think sure that she had lived all of her life, or at least a good part of it, either in America or Britain.

think thatに副詞が挿入されているものと考え、sure→surelyとします。


No.2
In your absence, I took upon myself to consult everyone on the committee concerning the best way to settle that unbelievably difficult problem.
take it upon oneself to do ~」で「~を引き受ける」という意味です。took upon myself→took it upon myselfとします。


No.3
You will make a bad impression on everyone if you continue to complain without reason about every little detail of every decision we make.
誤りなし 


No.4
早稲田社学2010
空欄に適するものを選べ。
A: How do you see yourself ten years from now?
B: In ten years, I suppose I'll be married and have one or two children.
A: [ 空欄 ] And I guess I'll probably be in the same situation.
B:Yeah, we'll both be family men who stay at home and play with the kids.
A: I think that's probably the way it'll be.

選択肢
a. That souds optimistic.
b. That sounds about right.「妥当なところだね」←赤本、東進
c. That souds fatalistic.
d. That sounds fairly definite.「かなり明確だね」←ネイティブ、早稲田予備校
e. That sounds more convincing.
これは予備校内でも解答が分かれていました。
これbもdもOKな気がするんですけど、どうですかね。
ちなみに赤本、東進はbを、知り合いのネイティブ、早稲田予備校はdを正解としていました。
うーん、いまいち解答根拠に欠ける問題のような・・・? 


慶應法学部2009
文法的に誤っている文を選べ。
No.5
a. He took part in the team and afterwards joined a match.
b. He joined a party and took part in an election.
c. He joined a discussion team and joined in their activities.
d. He joined the army and took part in the battle.
take part in ~とjoin ~の違いを問う難問です。
受験英語の知識というより、ネイティブに近い語感が試されている気がします。
こういうものはうだうだ解説するより例文晒した方が良さそうですね。
take part in the meeting /work /a tour /activities /a relay /a plan /some business /class discussions
join army /battle /a club /a political party /a church/a group
つまり、take part inは「行動や活動」、joinは「集団や集団的な活動」 にくっつくようです。
(もちろん完全に別物というわけではなく、例えばclass discussionsなんかはどちらとも親和性高そうですよね。)
さて、これを踏まえてaを見てみましょう。
join a matchは言えなくもなさそうですが(実際ググると結構ヒットします)、take part in the teamは明らかに不自然ですね。

No.6
a. I still have not saved enough money.
b. I have not still saved enough money.
c. I have not saved enough money yet.
d. I have yet to save enough money.
still notは、「まだ(否定された状態)である」ことを意味します。
例えばaでは「まだhave not saved enough moneyの状態である」ということですね。なんかルー大柴みたい。
not stillの形は基本的には使いません。 所詮言葉なので、絶対ではないようですが・・・。
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