1983 要約、和訳

 It is a matter of argument whether we should wonder at the speed with which human kind has mastered a hostile environment, and so created the industrialized world we now inhabit, or, alternatively, despair at the almost agonizing slowness with which primitive man raised himself from such a low position to one of comparative plenty. The "take-off" to self-sustaining industrial growth was achieved towards the end of the eighteenth century. Yet the initial take-off to settled societies, when man (homo sapiens) first began to exploit his biological resources as a rational creature, took place as long ago as the New Stone Age. It was then that the key discoveries were made, or rather came into widespread use: how to grow crops; how to herd, breed and exploit animals; how to use tools; how to pass from mere defense against nature to attack; and in particular how to organize the collective power of the group. These gigantic intellectual leaps, which involved the concept of planning and the development of a sense of time, were more difficult than anything we have performed since. Hence our wonder. But we are also bound to ask why it was that Stone-Age man, having broken through the prison of his environment at a number of related points, took such a long time to make full use of his victories. Should not the process of the ever-increasing speed of development have begun thousands of years ago, instead of a mere hundred? 





 Our earthly time allowance has rapidly shot up from an average of forty years to an average of seventy years plus within the experience of all the old people alive at present. Nothing comparable to it has been known before. Although it was accepted that the body had been programmed to last for the classic three-score-years-and-ten, until now there was an all too eloquent proof that very few bodies ever did, and for a man to “see his time out”, as they used to say, was exceptional.

until now/ there was an all too eloquent proof (that very few bodies ever did,)
and (for a man) to “see his time out”, (as they used to say,) was exceptional.

earthly time allowance:この世の時間的余裕(つまり寿命)
shoot up:急騰する
three score years:60年(a score of yearsで20年)
all too:(残念なほど)~すぎる


 There are a lot of people today who demand that men of science should devote themselves to the pursuit of discoveries that can immediately be turned to account. To my mind, however, there could be no surer way of rendering the future completely barren, since nearly all great technological advances depend upon discoveries so unexpected as to be unplannable. Nature in her own time reveals her secrets to the patient questioner, and the plain fact is that nature is infinitely cleverer than man. Pure science, therefore, cannot be dismissed as a polite amusement.

there could be no surer way (of rendering the future completely barren,) since (nearly) all great technological advances depend upon discoveries (so unexpected as to be unplannable. )
turn ~ to account:~を利用する
render O C:OをCにする


 He was having a nightmare. He was going down a steep, icy slope on skis and below him there was a deep dark gully. The wind was screaming past his ears, and his speed became greater and greater as he neared the gully. He tried to stop, but he knew it was impossible on that ice. He screamed, but the wind took the sound out of his mouth. He knew he was going to crash and he knew it was going to be bad and he resigned himself to how bad it was going to be.

resign onself to ~:諦めて~を受け入れる



例えば、1997の要約と英作文を解いたらタイトルは「1997 要約、英作文」になります。



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1. 〜さん あー、でもスピーキング以外は受験英語で鍛えられますよ。 喋るのだけはどうしてもアレですけど・・・。 2. はみちつさん ちょっと前にちょうど英作文対策の映像コンテンツうpったので、よかったらご覧になってください('∀`)

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同じく漫画気になるので更新おなしゃす。 DUOの使い方なのですが何かオススメありますか?復習CDとか基礎CDとか色々あるしCDもどのタイミングでどう使えばいいか分からないです…。

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漫画の続き読みたいって言ってもらえてとても嬉しいです(▰˘◡˘▰) 4. ブラック無糖さん うpしました!('∀`) 5. にゃんぱすらいふさん 更新しました! 基礎CDは使わなくてOKです。 私はここに書いてある感じで使いました。